Figure 3.

Restoration/rehabilitation decision tree for post-mining environments. Conditions, requirements and likely management responses for near/natural restoration vs. the development of hybrid or novel systems used to inform Figure 1. Responses to decision points distinguish between the likelihood of achieving near/natural restoration vs. hybrid or novel systems. Refer to the Endnote for definitions of near/natural, hybrid and novel ecosystems relating to threshold ir/reversibility within the post-disturbance environment.

Doley and Audet Ecological Processes 2013 2:22   doi:10.1186/2192-1709-2-22
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