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About Ecological Processes

This page includes information about the aims and scope of Ecological Processes, editorial policies, open access and article-processing charges, the peer review process and other information. For details of how to prepare and submit a manuscript through the online submission system, please see the instructions for authors.

Aims & scope

Ecological Processes is an Open Access peer-reviewed international journal devoted to the publication of high quality research, with articles on all aspects of biological, chemical, physical, and hydrological processes of ecosystem and landscape dynamics across spatial and temporal scales, while highlighting topics of current interest in certain issues. Emphasis is placed on techniques, approaches, and concepts, including but not limited to: descriptive, comparative, experimental, mathematical, statistical, and interdisciplinary approaches. Ecological Processes aims to provide better understanding of the ecosystem processes and landscape processes, therefore, better management of ecosystems and environments.

Ecological Processes presents a unique niche for ecological publications and embraces a wide, interdisciplinary scope of ideas and an integrated, comprehensive approach to each one. Though the journal specifically welcomes articles that integrate natural and social processes at appropriately broad spatial and temporal scales, we publish research regarding all aspects of biological, chemical, physical and hydrological processes of ecosystem and landscape dynamics across spatial and temporal scales, including new tools, models, analytic assessments and experimental methods to understand:

  • Ecological processes that affect populations, communities, ecosystems and landscapes.
  • Ecological processes that operate at landscape scales, regional scales and global scales.
  • Ecological processes that impact spatial and temporal dynamics and patterns.
  • Ecological processes that play an essential role in maintaining ecosystem integrity and community complexity.
  • Ecological processes that influence the development stages of ecological sustainability.
  • Ecological processes that support the maintenance or restoration of the ecological system composition, structure, and function over time and space.
  • Ecological processes that describe the cycling of water, the cycling of nutrients, the flow of energy and biological diversity.
  • Ecological processes that define resource availability, competition, evolution, biochemical inhabitation, and allelopathy factors.
  • Ecological processes that spread across trophic levels, flow between sources and sink, and operate on different spatial and temporal scales.
  • Ecological Processes that integrate natural and social processes across time and space.
  • Ecological Processes that correspond to their interdisciplinary nature (e.g. biology, ecology, environmental science, mathematics, and modeling).

Open access

All articles published by Ecological Processes are made freely and permanently accessible online immediately upon publication, without subscription charges or registration barriers. Further information about open access can be found here.

Authors of articles published in Ecological Processes are the copyright holders of their articles and have granted to any third party, in advance and in perpetuity, the right to use, reproduce or disseminate the article, according to the SpringerOpen copyright and license agreement.

For authors who are US government employees or are prevented from being copyright holders for similar reasons, BioMed Central can accommodate non-standard copyright lines. Please contact us if further information is needed.

Article-processing charges

Open access publishing is not without costs. Ecological Processes therefore levies an article-processing charge of £695/$1185/€880 for each article accepted for publication. If the submitting author's institution is a Member, the cost of the article-processing charge is covered by the membership, and no further charge is payable. In the case of authors whose institutions are Supporter Members, however, a discounted article-processing charge is payable by the author. We routinely waive charges for authors from low-income countries. For other countries, article-processing charge waivers or discounts are granted on a case-by-case basis to authors with insufficient funds. Authors can request a waiver or discount during the submission process. For further details, see our article-processing charge page.

Indexing services

SpringerOpen is working closely with Thomson Reuters (ISI) to ensure that citation analysis of articles published in Ecological Processes will be available.

Publication and peer review process

Authors will be able to check the progress of their manuscript through the submission system at any time by logging into My Ecological Processes, a personalized section of the site.

Portability of peer review

In order to support efficient and thorough peer review, we aim to reduce the number of times a manuscript is re-reviewed after rejection from Ecological Processes, thereby speeding up the publication process and reducing the burden on peer reviewers. Therefore, please note that, if a manuscript is not accepted for publication in Ecological Processes and the authors choose to submit a revised version to another SpringerOpen journal, we will pass the reviews on to the other journal's editors at the authors' request. We will reveal the reviewers' names to the handling editor for editorial purposes unless reviewers let us know when they return their report that they do not wish us to share their report with another SpringerOpen journal.

Copyediting and proofs

Ecological Processes will copyedit manuscripts before they are published.

Following the acceptance of an article, it is published in Ecological Processes as a provisional PDF file with minimal delay (subject to formatting checks, copyediting and author verification). Fully formatted PDF and full-text (HTML) versions are made available shortly after that.


Please see our reprints website for information about reprinting articles.


Ecological Processes will consider supplements based on proceedings (full articles or meeting abstracts), reviews or research. All articles submitted for publication in supplements are subject to peer review. Published supplements are fully searchable and freely accessible online and can also be produced in print. For further information, please contact us.

Editorial policies

Any manuscript, or substantial parts of it, submitted to the journal must not be under consideration by any other journal. In general, the manuscript should not have already been published in any journal or other citable form, although it may have been deposited on a preprint server. Authors are required to ensure that no material submitted as part of a manuscript infringes existing copyrights, or the rights of a third party.

Correspondence concerning articles published in Ecological Processes is encouraged. A 'post a comment' feature is available on all articles published by Ecological Processes. Comments will be moderated by the editorial office (see our Comment policy for further information) and linked to the full-text version of the article, if suitable.

Editorial standards

SpringerOpen is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). In order to safeguard the quality of SpringerOpen journal publications, Springer has developed a policy on Publishing Integrity which is in line with the philosophy of COPE.

We follow the principle that we have a prime duty to maintain the integrity of the scientific record. Springer’s Policy on Publishing Integrity addresses:

  • Clear definitions of what violation of Publishing Integrity is.
  • A manual on how to identify such a violation (in the document referred to as an Act of Misconduct).
  • Clear (COPE) examples of what such an Act of Misconduct looks like in practice.
  • Clearly defined actions which have to be undertaken by the Editor and Springer when such an Act is a clearly proven fact.
  • Q & A – a useful list of Questions and Answers on the definition of Publishing Integrity.

Please find the full document of Springer's Policy on Publishing Integrity here.

Data and materials release

Submission of a manuscript to Ecological Processes implies that readily reproducible materials described in the manuscript, including all relevant raw data, will be freely available to any scientist wishing to use them for non-commercial purposes.

Any 'in press' articles cited within the references and necessary for the reviewers' assessment of the manuscript should be made available if requested by the editorial office.

Appeals and complaints

Authors who wish to appeal a rejection or make a complaint should, in the first instance, contact the Editor-in-Chief who will provide details of the journal's complaints procedure.

Competing interests

Ecological Processes requires authors to declare any competing financial or other interest in relation to their work. All competing interests that are declared will be listed at the end of published articles. Where an author gives no competing interests, the listing will read 'The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests'.

Plagiarism detection

Ecological Processes's publisher, SpringerOpen, is a member of the CrossCheck plagiarism detection initiative. In cases of suspected plagiarism CrossCheck is available to the editors of Ecological Processes to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts by using the plagiarism detection tool iThenticate. CrossCheck is a multi-publisher initiative allowing screening of published and submitted content for originality.

Citing articles in Ecological Processes

Articles in Ecological Processes should be cited in the same way as articles in a traditional journal. Because articles are not printed, they do not have page numbers; instead, they are given a unique article number.

Article citations follow this format:

Authors: Title. Ecol Process [year], [volume number]:[article number].

e.g. Domedarius WE, Bactrician BU, Boson IB, Taurustic ME: The role of livestock in human identity and family naming practices. Ecol Process 2009, 1:115.

Why publish your article in Ecological Processes?

High visibility

Ecological Processes's open access policy allows maximum visibility of articles published in the journal as they are available to a wide, global audience. Articles that have been especially highly accessed are highlighted with a 'Highly accessed' graphic, which appears on the journal's contents pages and search results.

Speed of publication

Ecological Processes offers a fast publication schedule whilst maintaining rigorous peer review; all articles must be submitted online, and peer review is managed fully electronically (articles are distributed in PDF form, which is automatically generated from the submitted files). Articles will be published with their final citation after acceptance, in both fully browsable web form, and as a formatted PDF; the article will then be available through Ecological Processes and SpringerOpen.


Online publication in Ecological Processes gives authors the opportunity to publish large datasets, large numbers of color illustrations and moving pictures, to display data in a form that can be read directly by other software packages so as to allow readers to manipulate the data for themselves, and to create all relevant links (for example to relevant databases and papers).

Promotion and press coverage

Articles published in Ecological Processes are included in article alerts and regular email updates. Some may be included in abstract books mailed to academics and are highlighted on Ecological Processes's pages and on the SpringerOpen homepage.

In addition, articles published in Ecological Processes may be promoted by press releases to the general or scientific press. These activities increase the exposure and number of accesses for articles published in Ecological Processes.

Authors of articles published in Ecological Processes retain the copyright of their articles and are free to reproduce and disseminate their work (for further details, see the SpringerOpen copyright and license agreement).

For further information about the advantages of publishing in a journal from SpringerOpen, please click here.